Agra is one of the most famous tourist spots of the country. Synonymous with the majestic Taj Mahal. Situated on Taj Mahal, Agrathe west banks of the Yamuna River, there are very few cities in the world that can match the history and heritage of Agra.
Once the seat of the great Mughals who ruled India for more than 300 years, Agra is peppered with historical monuments dating back to the 16th and 17th century. Going further in time, in the great epic Mahabharat the region of Agra is described as Agraban (an integral part of the Brij Bhumi or the land of Lord Krishna). Beside its monumental richness, Agra is internationally famed for its Mughlai cuisine and souvenirs from the wide range of marble and leather items. Pick up a replica of the Taj Mahal made from a stone called Talk or get photographed with the reflection of the Taj in the pool as the backdrop.
The climate of Agra is extreme and tropical. Summers are extremely hot and the maximum temperature can be as high as 45 degree Celsius, while winters are cold and foggy. Heavy rains and high humidity mark the monsoon season. Agra can be visited throughout the year, but one must avoid the extreme hot summers (April-June) and rainy season (July-Sept). The most suitable time for Agra tour is during winters.
Agra was founded by Sikandar Lodhi (Lodhi dynasty; Delhi Sultanate) in the 16th century. Babur (founder of the Mughal dynasty) also stayed for sometime in Agra and introduced the concept of square Persian-styled gardens here. Emperor Akbar built the Agra fort; Jahangir beautified it with palaces and gardens. Shahjahan marked the zenith of Mughal architecture, when he built the Taj. The post-Mughal era's history of Agra saw the rule of the Jats, Marathas and finally the British taking over the city.
Major Attractions - Agra Travel TourismTaj Mahal
Synonymous with India, the Taj Mahal is undoubtedly the epitome of India tourism. India travel is incomplete without experiencing the Taj Mahal. This supreme temple of love, standing gracefully by the sacred Yamuna at Agra, is set amongst the serene ambience of a well laid out garden. The massive white marble structure was built in the 17th century by the Mughal Emperor Shahjahan in memory of his beloved wife, Mumtaz Mahal. Shah Jahan was so disheartened by her death that the royal court went in mourning for two years and there was no music, no dancing, no celebrations and no feasting for two years.
Designed and built by Akbar in 1565 A.D., the fort is surrounded by a 70 foot high wall. It houses the beautiful Pearl Mosque and numerous palaces including the Jahangiri Mahal, Diwan-i-khas, Diwan-i-Am and Moti Masjid.Jama Masjid
Jami Masjid is one of the largest mosques in India. Built in 1571 A.D., it is the most scared building in Fatehpur Sikri and has, therefore, been built on the highest point. The mosque has a vast courtyard. Towards the corner on the right side, is the Jammat Khana hall and next to which is Zenana Rauza, the Tomb of the Royal Ladies.